The role of probiotics in irritable bowel syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex gastrointestinal disorder. There is increasing evidence linking changes in the gastrointestinal microbiota and IBS. Probiotics are living organisms and studies have shown that probiotic treatment may have positive effects in the gastrointestinal tract of IBS patients. The mechanism of action of probiotics in IBS is complex. The aim of this review is to summarise the mechanisms of probiotics in the treatment of IBS.